Friday, October 17, 2008

Wu Han (PRC)

Wu Han was a party official of the in the .

Biography



Wu Han was born in Yiwu, Jinhua, Zhejiang in 1909. 1928, he studied at Zhijiang University . He graduated from Tsinghua University in 1934 and joined the faculty of this university.

Wu Han was commissioned by Mao's government to write an article about Hai Rui, a Ming dynasty official who criticized the Jiajing Emperor to his face and was resultantly sacked. The article on Hai Rui appeared in the Chinese Publication the ''People's Daily'' on May 16, 1959, and was interpreted by many readers and intellectuals as a political parallel to the situation of Peng Dehuai. Peng had been Mao Zedong's minister of defense, but fell into disgrace in 1959 when he led the criticism of the Great Leap Forward, a program of Mao's which was intended to rapidly industrialize China but ultimately amounted to failure on almost every level.

The Hai Rui article, which originally sought to rehabilitate Hai Rui's reputation and qualify him as a political hero, was published at a time when Mao was actually encouraging popular critiques of the Great Leap Forward. However, as the popularity and distribution of the article expanded , Mao finally became aware of the fact that many people allegorically equated Hai Rui with Peng Dehuai, and that they therefore associated Mao himself with the un-approachable Ming emperor. Moreover, by 1965 , Mao recognized that the popularity of ''Hai Rui Dismissed from Office'' created a direct threat to his reputation, so on November 10 he authorized a public attack on the play and attempted to debase Hai Rui's legacy as an attempt to discredit Peng Dehuai.

Wu Han himself, who a few years earlier was asked by his political superiors to compose the article, had, by March 1966, become the subject of harsh government criticism as a direct result of his contribution. His particular predicament is often chosen to represent the Chinese government's frequent practice of reversing its verdicts under Mao's control . Wu Han himself committed suicide while in prison in 1969.

Wang Yuan (mathematician)

Wang Yuan , or Yuan Wang, an academician of Chinese Academy of Science, is a renowned mathematician, educator and popular science writer. He is the former president of Chinese Mathematical Society, and the head of the Institute of Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Life



Wang was born in Lanxi County, Jinhua, Zhejiang Province. His father was a magistrate in the local government. Because of the Japanese invasion , Wang's family had to move away from Zhejiang Province, and finally arrived at the southeast city Kunming in Guizhou Province in 1938. 1942, Wang's father rose to the chief secretary of the Academia Sinica. 1946 after the Japanese surrender, his family moved to the capital city - Nanjing.

Wang entered Yingshi University in Hangzhou, and graduated from the Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University in 1952. He then earned a position in the Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica. Hua Loo Keng is considered as his main academic advisor and one of his closest cooperators. 1946-1949, he was the acting director of the institute. Wang also studied in USA for a period of time.

1966, Wang's career was interrupted by the Cultural Revolution. Wang could not work for more than five years until 1972. During this interval, Wang was harassed and put through interrogation.

1978, Wang was back to his professorship, in the Institute of Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Science. 1980, he was elected to be an academician of Chinese Academy of Science. 1988-1992, he was the president of the Chinese Mathematical Society.

Research


Wang quite focuses on the area of number theory, especially in the Goldbach Conjecture. Sieve methods and circle methods are often applied by him. He obtained a series of important results in the field of number theory.

Wang You

WANG You , also known as Yu WANG, 1910 Jun 7 - 1997 May 6, was a chemist and biochemist. He was a pioneer of antibiotics and biochemistry studies in China .

Life



Wang was born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. He first studied applied chemistry at Zhejiang University. He went to Nanjing and graduated from the Department of Industrial Chemistry, Jinling University in 1931. He obtained his PhD from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich in 1937.

Between Nov 1952 and Jul 1984, chronologically, Wang was the deputy director, acting director, director of the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Science .

Wang participated and played an important role in the artificial synthesis of cattle insulin. He also made contributions to modern Chinese biochemical industries.

Membership


Member, Chinese Academy of Science
Foreign member, French Academy of Sciences
Foreign member, Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Honorary member, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Wang Jianzhou

Wang Jianzhou , is the current Chairman and CEO of China Mobile.

Biography



Wang was born in Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province in December 1948. Wang did his undergraduate and postgraduate studies both at Zhejiang University . Wang received a master degree of industrial management from ZJU in 1985. Wang also obtained a doctorate in business administration from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

Wang was the Chief Director of the Posts and Telecommunications Bureau of Zhejiang Province in Hangzhou. In 1996, Wang became a director in the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications of People's Republic of China.

In 2001, Wang was appointed to be the President of the China Mobile Communications Corporation.

Tsung-Dao Lee

Tsung-Dao Lee is a -born physicist, well known for his work on , Lee Model, particle physics, relativistic heavy ion physics, nontopological solitons and soliton stars. In 1957, Lee, at age 31, with received the Nobel Prize in Physics for work on the violation of law in weak interaction, which Chien-Shiung Wu experimentally verified. Lee is the second youngest Nobel laureate, and Lee and Yang were the first Chinese Laureates.

Biography


Lee's ancestral hometown is Suzhou, Jiangsu. He was born in Shanghai, China, and received his education in Shanghai and Jiangxi. The first part of his university education began at Zhejiang University, but was interrupted by the war, so he continued at the National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming the next year . Lee went to the University of Chicago in 1946 and completed his PhD with Enrico Fermi. He then worked with collaborators on phase transitions in statistical mechanics and polarons in condensed matter physics. In 1953, he became an assistant professor at Columbia University, and worked mainly in particle physics and field theory. Three years later, at age 29, Lee became the university's youngest full professor. Over the years, Lee has pioneered and developed research ranging from symmetry violations in weak interactions to fields of high energy neutrino physics and RHIC physics. He remains an active member of the Columbia faculty and has held its highest academic rank, University Professor, since 1984. Currently, his interests have turned to the bosonic nature of high Tc superconductivity, the neutrino mapping matrix and new ways to solve Schr?dinger equation.

Educational activities


Soon after the re-establishment of China-American , Lee and his wife, Hui-Chun Jeannette Chin , were able to go to China, where Lee gave a series of lectures and seminars, and organized the CUSPEA .

In 1998, Lee established the Chun-Tsung Endowment in memory of his wife, Hui-Chun Chin, who died 3 years earlier. The Chun-Tsung scholarships, supervised by the United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia , are awarded to undergraduates, usually in their 2nd or 3rd year, at five universities, which are Fudan University, Lanzhou university, Suzhou University, Beijing University and Taiwan Tsing Hua University. Students selected for such scholarships are named "Chun-Tsung Scholars" .

Personal life


Chin and Lee were married in 1950 and have two sons: and . Lee reads whodunit novels when he does not work on physics. His English given name differs dramatically from the then-existing Chinese Romanizations, such as Wade-Giles and Gwoyeu Romatzyh. Tsung-Dao Lee is also known as T.-D. Lee.

Honours and awards


Awards:
Nobel Prize in Physics
Albert Einstein Award
G. Bude Medal, Coll├Ęge de France
Galileo Galilei Medal
Order of Merit, Grande Ufficiale, Italy
Science for Peace Prize
China National-International Cooperation Award
Naming of Small Planet 3443 as the T.D. Lee Planet
New York City Science Award
Pope Joannes Paulus Medal
Ministero dell'Interno Medal of the Government of Italy
New York Academy of Science Award
The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, Japan

Memberships:

American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Philosophical Society
Academia Sinica
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Third World Academy of Sciences
Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Bibliography


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T. Tony Cai

T. Tony Cai , is an statistician. He is the current Dorothy Silberberg Professor and Professor of Statistics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He is the winner of 2008 COPSS Presidents' Award.

Career



Cai was born in Rui'an, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China. In 1986, Cai graduated from the Departemnt of Mathematics, Hangzhou University when he was only 18 years old . In 1989, Cai received MSc from Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Cai earned PhD from Cornell University .

Cai has four brothers and one sister. His sister Tianxi Cai is also working on statistics, and is an associate professor of biostatistics at Harvard University. His brother Tianwu Michael Cai, also majored in mathematics is a vice-president of Goldman Sachs.

Honors and awards



COPSS Presidents' Award 2008, Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies.
Fellow, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2006.

T. C. Hsu

Professor T.C. Hsu , , was a Chinese American cell biologist. He was the 13th president of American Society for Cell Biology, and known as the ''Father of Mammalian Cytogenetics'' .

Life


Hsu was born Tao-Chiuh Hsu in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China. He did his undergraduate and postgraduate studies in the College of Agricultural Sciences, Zhejiang University. 1948, he went to USA, and obtained PhD from the University of Texas at Austin in 1951.

He determined the accurate haploid chromosome number of Homo sapiens and characterized the human karyotype. His historic paper "Mammalian chromosomes ''in vitro'' - the karyotype of Man" was published in 1952.

He worked in the laboratory of Charles Pomerat at UTMB in the early 50s where he discovered an improved method of preparing chromosomes that led to the accurate identification of 23 pairs of chromosomes in human somatic cells. He was president of the American Society for Cell Biology and served on faculty at M.D. Anderson for more than 30 years. He was a UTMB GSBS Distinguished Alumnus Award recipient in 1996. He is also a recipient of The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence.

His autobiography was published in the ''American Journal of Medical Genetics'' 59:304-325 .

He died in Houston, Texas, USA.